Altern current motors are electric motors that are powered by alternating current. Electric motors convert electrical energy into mechanical rotation energy through the mutual action of magnetic fields.
There is a wide variety of altern current motors, among which the following basic types stand out:
- The universal motor that can also be direct current.
- The synchronous motor. In this type of electric motor the speed of rotation is constant and depends on the frequency.
- The asynchronous motor. It is a three-phase motor.
In some cases, such as…
A squirrel cage rotor is the rotating part of the common squirrel cage induction motor. The squirrel-cage motor is a type of AC motor.
This type of rotor consists of a cylinder of steel laminations, with aluminum or copper conductors embedded in its surface. In operation, the non-rotating stator winding is connected to an alternating current power source; the alternating current in the stator produces a rotating magnetic field. The rotor winding has a current induced by the stator field, and produces its own magnetic field. The interaction of the two magnetic field sources produces torque…
An asynchronous motor is an electric motor powered by alternating current. It is, therefore, what we call an AC motor. This type of engine is also known as an induction motor.
The asynchronous motor is based on the currents induced in the rotor from the rotating magnetic field of the stator. That's why it's called an induction machine. As to be able to induce an electric current in the rotor it is necessary that the rotor is subjected to a variation of the magnetic flux generated by the stator at the frequency of power, or synchronism, the rotor is demagnetized when it reaches the synchronism,…
The electric motors can be distinguished between them according to the type of power supply:
- Electric motors of direct current. The DC electric motor can be, in turn, a permanent induction motor or a continuous induction motor. In addition to these more general classifications there are also other more modern types of engines such as stepper motors and linear motors.
- Electric motors of alternating current. The AC motor can be classified as universal motor, synchronous motor or asynchronous motor.
The classic division is between direct current (DC) and alternating…
The commutator is a component of an electric motor formed by strips of hard electrolytic copper with insulating material in the middle (formerly micanite, nowadays plastic). The assembly is insulated on the rotor shaft and the copper blades are connected to the anchor windings. Permanently installed carbon brushes make contact with the collector and provide power to the anchor windings.
A commutator is a rotary electrical switch in certain types of electric motors and electric generators that periodically changes the direction of the current between the rotor and the external circuit.…
The electric motor is an electrotechnical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. That is, when the electric motor is connected to the proper power source, it begins to rotate, which also begins to rotate the machine or the machine associated with it. That is, it works inversely to the electric generator, which produces electrical energy with mechanical energy.
The electric motor was made possible thanks to the discoveries of Franz Ernst Neumann and James Clerk Maxwell. His discoveries were published in the years 1841 and 1873.
The electric motors can be…
The rotor is the component that turns on an electric machine. The same definition is valid whether the electric machine is an electric motor or an electric generator. The rotor together with its together with its fixed counterpart, the stator, form the fundamental set for the transmission of power in motors and electrical machines in general.
The rotor is formed by an axis that supports a set of coils wound on a magnetic core. This axis rotates inside a magnetic field created either by a magnet, an electromagnet or by passing through another set of coils, wound on some polar pieces.…
Electric motors of direct current work thanks to the properties of the magnets and to the magnetic field that is generated when circulating an electric current by a conductor.
As we well know, the main characteristic of magnets is that they have a south pole (negative) and a north pole (positive). In two different magnets the poles of different sign attract each other and the poles of the same sign repel each other.
The stator is the fixed part of an electric machine. By electric machine we refer to both electric motors and electric generators. The moving part of an electric motor is called a rotor.
In AC machines the stator is generally in the form of a cylindrical tube, with a certain wall thickness. A based on stacked crowns of magnetic sheet with a toothed on its inner circle are formed the slots where the coils are housed. In the continuous current machines the stator is formed by a solid steel cylindrical frame. This frame has polar poles or pieces with corresponding coils attached to it.…
A direct current motor (DC motor), or simply a continuous motor or direct current motor, is a rotating electric malternating currenthine that transforms electrical energy in the form of direct current into mechanical energy through electromagnetic interalternating currenttions.
Virtually all electric motors are reversible, that is, they can transform mechanical energy into electrical energy functioning as dynamos. direct current motors base their operation on the Lorentz law, also called Laplalternating currente's law when it is applied to a conductor, as is the case of motors. Applications…
The current carrying excitation winding in the stator generates a magnetic field, which is amplified by the iron sheet package and grouped into defined poles. The same happens in the winding of the armature coil downstream. Depending on how the poles are established, this magnetic field created by the stator of the universal motor causes the rotor to drag behind or push it in front of it. In this case, the coils must be inverted in each half revolution (for machines with a pair of poles), for which a switch is necessary.
Considering a "single pole" version, both magnetic fields are perpendicular…
A linear motor is an asynchronous electric motor that has been developed so that instead of generating a rotating torque it generates a linear displacement. To get it distributes your stator and its rotor distributed differently.
The most common mode of operation is like a Lorentz actuator. In this mode the applied force is linearly proportional to the electric current and to the magnetic field
Linear motors are divided into two main groups:
- Slow acceleration linear motors used in Sky Train transport, Maglev, etc.
- Quick acceleration linear motors used in…