Diesel engine.
Diesel cycle

Endothermic engine
Gearbox

Spark

What is spark ignition?

What is spark ignition?

We call it by spark to the one of the forms in which it ignites a thermal engine. The engines starting with spark ignition are Otto cycle gasoline engines.

In this type of engines there is an element, the spark plug, which is capable of causing a spark when it receives electric energy. In this way, the spark plug is capable of transforming the electrical energy coming from the battery into a spark.

Around the spark causing the spark plug creates the so-called initial ignition source. In the initial ignition focus fuel combustion is spread forming a flame front.

As the flame…

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Advantages of the diesel engine

Advantages of the diesel engine

Diesel engines have several advantages over other internal combustion engines:

Advantages related to diesel engine fuel

The fuel of a diesel engine has a higher energy density and a smaller volume of fuel is required to perform a specific amount of work.

Diesel engines inject fuel directly into the combustion chamber, have no air intake restrictions other than air filters and intake pipes and have no vacuum in the intake manifold to add parasitic load and pump losses to push the pistons down against the vacuum of the intake system. Cylinder filling is aided by atmospheric…

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Differences between the Otto engine and the diesel engine

Differences between the Otto engine and the diesel engine

The Otto engine and the diesel engine are two types of thermal engines. These are two types of endothermic engines that, through thermodynamic reactions, convert the internal energy of the fuel into mechanical work. However, there are certain differences between them.

The most important difference is found in its theoretical cycle. The Otto engine operates according to the Otto cycle by spark ignition while the diesel engine is controlled according to the diesel cycle by compression ignition.

The other important difference is in the ignition of the fuel. In the Otto engine the ignition…

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Spark plug. What is it?

Spark plug. What is it?

A spark plug is an electrical device that fits in the head of some internal combustion thermal engines and ignites compressed gasoline by means of an electric spark. It is used, therefore, in petrol engines with otto cycle.

The spark plugs have an isolated central electrode which is connected by a strongly insulated wire to a circuit of the ignition coil on the outside, forming, with a terminal connected to ground at the base of the plug, a spark gap inside the cylinder.

How does a spark plug work? How is the spark generated?

As the electrons flow from the coil, a voltage…

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4-stroke engine

4-stroke engine

A four-stroke engine is a type internal combustion engine, an alternative engine. It can work both in diesel cycle and Otto cycle (gasoline engine). It is therefore a thermodynamic and combustion motorcycle.

The most important feature is that you need to perform four strokes of the piston or plunger to complete the cycle. During these 4 races the crankshaft makes two full turns. These four times are: admission, compression, combustion or explosion and escape.

In 1861, the German Otto experimented with his first 4-stroke gas engine. Otto had to abandon the project due to technical…

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Heat engine

Heat engine

Heat engines are a type of alternative engines. Actually, they are the most popular alternative engines.

This type of engine uses the thermal energy caused by the combustion of a fuel (usually gasoil or gasoline) to convert it into mechanical energy.

Heat Machines

The concept of a thermal engine is often confused with that of a thermal engine. These terms are related but not exactly the same. A thermal machine is a device or system that works by establishing exchanges of heat and work with its environment. To achieve this, the machine transforms a substance through a cyclic…

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Otto Motor

Otto Motor

The Otto engine is a type of alternative thermal engine that works through the Otto cycle. It is an alternative engine capable of converting the chemical energy of fuel into mechanical energy through a thermodynamic reaction.

Due to the characteristics of this type of thermal engine it can receive several names.

  • Gasoline engine. Due to the fuel used.
  • Otto Engine. Because it works through the otto cycle.
  • Spark ignition engine. Due to the way to start the ignition of the fuel. The ignition starts through a guspira generated by a spark plug.
Use…

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Otto cycle

Otto cycle

The theoretical Otto cycle is the ideal cycle of the Otto engine. The Otto engine is also known as a spark ignition engine because the ignition of the fuel is done through a spark caused by a spark plug. It is also known as a gasoline engine because of the type of fuel it uses.

One way to study the performance of this engine is by analyzing its theoretical cycle. The theoretical cycle is an approximation to the real cycle with many simplifications. In practice, there are so many variables that affect the performance of the engine that calculating the actual cycle is practically impossible.…

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What is a piston?

What is a piston?

A piston is an element formed by two pieces: a piston that moves in a rectilinear alternative movement and a shirt or guide to which it moves. In principle, the piston has a cylindrical shape and is usually made of metal, although it could be of any material.

The guide is actually a cavity that can be integrated into a different part. It is part of the piston-crank-crank system that serves to transform rectilinear movements into rotary and vice versa.

Function of the piston in a thermal engine

In an automotive engine, the piston is traditionally called a cylinder. The cylinder,…

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Exam of the indicated diagram

Exam of the indicated diagram

What is the indicated diagram?

The indicated diagram is the diagram that represents the real cycle of a heat engine (a diesel engine or an Otto engine).

The actual cycle of a thermal engine reflects the effective operating conditions. These conditions are identified with the diagram of average pressures in the cylinder in correspondence to the different positions of the piston. The pressure shown in a mean pressure diagram is the so-called average pressure indicated.

Study of the indicated diagram

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Compression ignition

Compression ignition

The compression ignition engine is the diesel or diesel cycle engine. This qualification refers to the way fuel combustion starts inside the piston.

In this type of motor, what enters the chamber initially is only air; the diesel is injected more or less near top dead center. The fuel enters the liquid state, but it is dense. The dense fuel must be vaporized, mixed with the air and reach the conditions of pressure and temperature appropriate to ignite. The time that this process takes is the self-ignition delay and limits the speed at which the engine can turn and, therefore, its maximum…

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Internal combustion engines, external and electric

Internal combustion engines, external and electric

In this website we try to explain the operation of the main types of engines from a theoretical point of view. We present schematically the parts, operating cycles and characteristics of the following types of engines:

  • The thermal engine or internal combustion engine. Inside the thermal engines we explain the gasoline engine (or otto engine) and the diesel engine).
  • The electric motor. This engine has undergone a great evolution throughout history and right now is one of the most used types of engines and with more projection of the future. We will analyze direct current…

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Diesel engine

Diesel engine

Diesel engines are also known as compression ignition engines. The diesel engine is a type of internal combustion engine that uses gas oil as fuel for the diesel thermodynamic cycle.

The actual performance of diesel cylinder thermal engines is between 35% and 40% and is widely used to propel vehicles.

Diesel engines can operate with 4-cycle and 2-cycle cycles. 2-stroke engines do not consume more fuel than engines with 4-stroke cycles, because the cylinder is swept with pure air and not with the fuel mixture. This is the reason why there is no loss of fuel through the exhaust.

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